Common Health Problems in Cats

The light brown and white cat is lying down on the floor playing with their toy, Hampton Park Veterinary Hospital, Charleston Veterinarians, Charleston, SC Taking the Purr-fect Steps Towards Your Cat’s Health 




Our feline friends hold a special place in our hearts with their affectionate purrs and adorable antics. As responsible cat parents, it’s essential to stay informed about common health issues that can affect our beloved companions. This comprehensive guide will walk you through the top 10 most-common health problems in cats, the signs to watch out for, and proactive measures you can take to keep your furball happy and healthy.

Feline Upper Respiratory Infections 

Just like humans, cats are susceptible to upper respiratory infections caused by viruses and bacteria. Sneezing, nasal discharge, coughing, and watery eyes are common symptoms of this condition. Keeping your cat’s environment clean and providing proper ventilation can help prevent these infections. Regular vaccinations are also vital in strengthening their immune system.

Dental Issues 

Say “Cheese”! Dental problems are pervasive in cats, and they can lead to significant health issues if left untreated. Watch out for signs of dental disease such as bad breath, excessive drooling, and reluctance to eat. Brush your cat’s teeth regularly and provide dental treats or toys to promote oral health. Regular dental check-ups with your veterinarian are essential to catch any problems early on.

Obesity and Weight Management

Pawsitively Plump! Obesity is a growing concern among cats, leading to a host of other health problems. Keep an eye on your cat’s weight and consult your vet about a balanced diet and portion control. Encourage playtime and exercise to help them shed those extra pounds and maintain a healthy weight.

Urinary Tract Issues 

Trouble in the Litter Box! Cats can experience urinary tract issues like infections and blockages. Frequently urination, blood in the urine, and straining in the litter box are signs to watch for. Ensuring your cat has constant access to fresh water and a diet that supports urinary health can help prevent these problems. If you notice any symptoms, seek immediate veterinary attention.

Parasites (Fleas, Ticks, and Worms)

Pesky Intruders! Parasites can make your cat’s life uncomfortable and pose health risks. Regularly check for fleas, ticks, and worms, and use preventative medications recommended by your veterinarian. Maintaining a clean living environment also helps in keeping these intruders at bay.

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) 

The Silent Predator! Chronic kidney disease is prevalent among older cats. Increase thirst, frequent urination, weight loss, and lethargy are common signs of CKD. Early detection is crucial, so make sure your senior cat has regular health check-ups. A balanced diet and proper hydration can also support kidney health.


The Need for Speed! Hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland becomes overactive, leading to increased metabolism and weight loss despite a good appetite. If your cat seems unusually energetic and experiences weight loss, consult your veterinarian for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Diabetes Mellitus

Sweetness Gone Sour! Cats, like humans, can develop diabetes, especially if they are overweight. Increase thirst, frequent urination, and changes in appetite are potential signs of diabetes. A well-managed diet, regular exercise, and insulin therapy under veterinary supervision can help manage this condition.

Skin Allergies 

Scratch That Itch! Cats can suffer from skin allergies due to various environmental or food-related triggers. Keep an eye out for excessive scratching, redness, or hair loss. Identifying and removing the allergen is key to relieving your cat’s discomfort. Your vet may recommend dietary changes or medications to manage allergies effectively.

Heartworm Disease

Tiny Threats! Heartworms, transmitted through mosquito bites, can pose a significant threat to your cat’s health. Coughing, difficulty breathing, and lethargy and potential signs of heartworm disease. Preventive measures such as monthly medications can help protect your cat from this potentially fetal condition.

How to be a Pawsome Cat Parent 

Now that we’ve covered the common health problems in cats, let’s explore some proactive measures you can take to be a pawsome cat parent and ensure your feline companion stays in the best of health.

Regular Vet Check-ups 

Just like humans, cats benefit from regular health check-ups. Scheduling annual visits to the veterinarian can help catch any potential health issues early on, allowing for timely intervention. Additionally, staying up-to-date with vaccinations is essential in preventing various diseases.

Balanced Diet for Optimal Health 

Feeding your cat a balanced and nutritious diet is paramount for their overall well-being. Consult your veterinarian to determine the right type of food and portion sizes for your cat’s specific age, breed, and health condition. Remember, treats are a fun way to bond with your feline friend, but moderation is key to avoiding unnecessary weight gain.

Hydration Matters 

Water is essential for your cat’s health, especially to support their kidney function. Ensure fresh water is always available and consider incorporating wet food into their diet to increase water intake.

Playtime and Exercise 

Cats love to play and be active. Regular playtime not only keeps them mentally stimulated but also helps them burn off excess energy and maintain a healthy weight. Invest in toys that encourage interactive play and spend quality time engaging with your furball.

A Clean and Safe Environment 

Creating a safe and clean living space for your cat is essential. Regularly clean their litter box, bedding, and play areas to prevent the buildup of harmful bacteria. Keep toxic plants, household chemicals, and small objects out of their reach.

Grooming and Flea Control 

Reach grooming is not only an excellent bonding activity but also helps to keep your cat’s coat healthy and free of mats. Brush your cat’s fur regularly to reduce hairballs and potential skin issues. Additionally, invest in effective flea control products to prevent infestations.

Spaying and Neutering

Spaying or neutering your cat not only helps control the pet population but also offers various healthy benefits. It reduces the risk of certain cancers and curbs unwanted behaviors such as roaming and spraying.

Stress Management 

Cats can be sensitive to changes in their environment, leading to stress-related issues. Provide your feline friend with a calm and secure space and introduce changes gradually. If you notice signs of stress, consult your veterinarian for guidance.

Dental Care 

We can’t stress enough the importance of dental care for your cat’s health. Regularly brush their teeth and provide dental treats or toys to promote oral hygiene. Your can will thank you for the sparkling smile!

Unconditional Love and Attention 

Last but not least, shower your cat with love and attention. Cats thrive on affection and human interaction. Your care and affection will go a long way in keeping them happy and emotionally content.

As responsible cat parents, our cats depend on us to provide them with a loving, safe, and healthy environment. By being proactive and informed about the most common health problems in cats, as well as implementing preventive measures, we can give our feline friends the best chance at a long and fulfilling life.

Remember to consult your veterinarian regularly, maintain a balanced diet, encourage play and exercise, and, most importantly, cherish every moment with your furry companion. With the right care and attention, you can ensure your cat’s well-being and enjoy a purr-fectly wonderful journey together.

Learn more about common heath problems in cats or schedule an appointment at Hampton Veterinary Hospital.